Gum grafting is a procedure that is done when the recession of the gum has become severe. This procedure is not used when healthy gingiva—the strong, pink, non-moveable gum tissue—is present. This is a solution that is used only when the gum recession has progressed to the point that the mucosa—the red, moveable, weaker tissue—is all that is present. As the gingiva is the main line of defense for your gums against bacterial infections, this stage of gum recession guarantees that bone loss is also being experienced.
In order to restore this line of defense, a gingival graft will be used. This can be taken from the roof of the mouth or can be moved over from adjacent areas of the gum. The goal is to create a band of stable gingiva around the teeth.